Habakkuk complained of the crime he witnessed daily in Judah, but the Lord promised a solution, and told the prophet that the solution was the Chaldeans, referring to the ruling class of the Babylonians.
The prophet could not accept that the Lord would use the Babylonians, who were more wicked than Judah, to punish God’s people.
Therefore, he questioned God,
“Are You not from everlasting, O Lord my God, my Holy One? We shall not die. O Lord, You have appointed them for judgment; O Rock, You have marked them for correction. You are of purer eyes than to behold evil, and cannot look on wickedness. Why do You look on those who deal treacherously, and hold Your tongue when the wicked devours a person more righteous than he? Why do You make men like fish of the sea, like creeping things that have no ruler over them?” (Habakkuk 1:12–14).
The Babylonians had what it would take to punish Judah, but later God would punish Babylon.