While splitting imaginary theological hairs can justifiably cause those within earshot to scramble for the doors, legitimate biblical teachings are both necessary and practical. In many cases, whether we hold on to a biblical teaching or to some humanly devised counterpart, it impacts how we live and interact with others.
Consider the repercussions emanating from three views on whether evidence can play a role in faith.
Mention faith in God in some circles and the assumption is that in order to serve God a “leap of faith” is required. This phrase owes its roots to Søren Kierkegaard, who lived in the 1800’s.
Today this “leap of faith” has come to epitomize the teaching that sufficient evidence does not exist to support faith in God and Christ. Accordingly, in order for someone to serve God that individual must make a blind leap based solely on a personal choice to believe.
To embrace this teaching shapes both behavior and relationships. A Christian whose faith is based upon a blind leap possesses no motive to expand the frontiers of what this world can teach us about God, nor does he or she have any objective evidence to share with others.
Teaching others about God becomes limited to repeating the biblical message and sharing one’s own personal choice to make the leap. The impact of this teaching goes beyond those who hold to it. Many educated people look upon the need to take such a leap as being irrational. Accordingly, they despise religious faith.
Other life shaping doctrines include the popular understandings of total depravity and unconditional election. If we are so thoroughly saturated with sin that we can not even choose to believe in God regardless of what evidence might exist before us, then what point exists in marshaling evidence or presenting it to others?
The corollary doctrine of unconditional election leads to the conclusion that people will only come to faith if God chooses to give them faith. With evidence being irrelevant, defending the gospel to outsiders becomes a futile endeavor.
The Bible presents a starkly different view from these two pessimistic perspectives about the role of evidence in coming to faith. Rather than merely calling people to take a leap by “just trusting me” or simply waiting for God to cause people to believe, Jesus provided those with open hearts good reasons why they should accept his claims.
“…the deeds that the Father has assigned me to complete — the deeds I am now doing – testify about me that the Father has sent me.” (John 5:36, NET).
“…if you do not believe me, believe because of the miraculous deeds themselves” (John 14:11).
In similar fashion, the early Christians both provided evidence to confirm their message as well as reasoned from such evidence as eyewitness testimony as attested in Hebrews 2:3, Acts 4:20 and Acts 22:6-15.