by John Henson
In the presence of clear and convincing argument, a reasonable person, drawing only the conclusions based on the evidence, will accept and admit the truth.
The arguments presented and proven by Dr. Thomas B. Warren in 1976 were not only clear and convincing, but also they produced a preponderance of the evidence of the existence of God.
In Warren’s final affirmative of the debate, he presented the argument from design in a slightly different way that viewed the totality of the respiratory system of the human being rather than the design of the alveoli of the lungs. Then, Warren asked Dr. Antony Flew, his opponent, a pertinent question. The argument as presented said:
1. If the exchange of gases in the human (i.e., of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the respiratory system) possess such properties (or involve such things) as to make clear that such interchanges were not brought into being by any part of, or the totality of dead matter, then the respiratory system of the human being (in which these interchanges occur) must have been brought into being by a (the) creator who transcends the universe, God.
2. The gaseous interchanges in the respiratory system of the human being possess such properties as to make clear that such interchanges were not brought into being by any part of or the totality of dead matter.
3. Therefore, the respiratory system of the human being must have been brought into being by a (the) creator who transcends the universe, God.
The argument is valid. The premises are true. Since the argument is valid and the premises are true, then the conclusion must be true. To deny the truth of the argument is irrational. A rational, thinking person accepts only those conclusions that are based on the evidence.
Warren demonstrated and explained the design of the respiratory system and then made a statement and asked a simple question. It is impossible for the respiratory system to have evolved, Warren said. How could a human being live long enough for the system to evolve?
Since Flew had already admitted that humans are not transformed from an ape, nor are they born from such a creature. So, if that is the case, how could the human live long enough for evolution to bring a respiratory system into existence?
Warren then showed two skeletal systems, one natural and one synthetic. For the sake of discussion, Warren said, would Dr. Flew admit the synthetic skeleton was designed? Yet, he won’t admit the natural human skeleton was also designed. But, how could a human being survive while a skeletal system, including bone marrow, evolved? How could the human being exist without a skeletal system?
Warren showed drawings of the thigh bone, or femur. How is it, he asked, that Flew would admit the synthetic femur must have been designed and the natural was not? There is no time for one to evolve. How would a being live while waiting millions of years for the thigh to evolve?
The, Warren said the same is true for all of the rest of the human being’s systems: reproductive, endocrine, integumentary (skin), excretory, nervous, central nervous, auditory, vision, immune and others. How could it be possible for the system to evolve? How could a being live while waiting for the systems to evolve?
By clear, convincing evidence in four affirmative arguments, Warren proved the existence of God. The affirmative arguments he made also showed that believing in naturalistic evolution is a self-contradictory leap into the dark. Atheism has no rational belief system. Believing in the God who created the world and everything in it, on the contrary, is plainly rational and is a rational belief system.
by John Henson